Tamazaki, Magoji (Nanzan University), Seiki Ayano (Mie
University) and Makoto Sasaki (Aichi Gakuin Junior College)

Seiki Ayano
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Mie University
1515 Kamihama, Tsu
Mie 514, Japan.

Phone: +81-592-31-9129
Fax: +81-592-31-9198
E-mail: ayano@human.mie-u.ac.jp

Strand: lexicogrammar other

Title: Grammaticalization as an Issue for Defining a Clause in Japanese

The present paper is a report of a joint research project in progress concerning Theme in Japanese. One of the crucial issues in considering what constitutes Theme and in examining its function is the setting up of criteria for the clause boundary in Japanese. In this paper, we will present our findings with regard to grammaticalization of processes. This issue draws our attention since it often poses a question as to the ways in which we decide the number of clauses in a given clause complex. For example, (1) is problematic because it may contain one clause only or two clauses depending upon how we interpret mukat-te:

    (1) Raihoosha ni    mukat-te   soo it-ta.
         guests   LOC   face-CON   so  say-PAST
         "(He) said so, facing to the guests."
  (Shiina Makoto, Sayonara, umi no onna-tachi)

The two readings are that (i) mukat-te is a full lexical item, i.e., the verb in the te form, and (ii) it is rather a grammaticalized item functioning as a preposition. Note also that the same problem arises with (2):

  (2)  Kabe  ni   mukai,  hitorigotooit-te-ita.
       wall  LOC  face    talk to (oneself)-be-PAST
       "Facing to the wall, (s/he) was talking to (her/himself)."
We will show our working hypothesis concerning plausible functional criteria for judging such cases.


Hopper, Paul J. and Elizabeth Traugott 1993. Grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Yamanashi, Masa-aki 1996. "Spatial Cognition and Egocentric Distance in Metaphor." Poetics, 46, 1-14.